Document Type

Honors Project

Publication Date



The Halperin Model. Development and Description of the Model: The first scholar to set up a well-developed bureaucratic model of foreign policy decision-making was Graham T. Allison. The model was first outlined. in the article "Conceptual Models and the Cuban Missile Crisis" and later refined in his book Essence of Decision. Allison set up three models for analyzing foreign policy decision-making and then applied them to the Cuban missile crisis. Allison contends that most analysts view the behavior of nations as if it were the result of the decision of a unified decision-maker. Allison believes that the two alternate models he developed provide a better basis for explaining and predicting the actions of governments.

Level of Honors

cum laude