These guidelines are the product of five working groups of physicians, administrators, attorneys, ethicists, social workers, nurses, hospital chaplains, and critical care nurses from Wisconsin. Dr. John Stanley, Professor Emeritus, Lawrence University, convened the group in 1994 and they presented this final document to the Wisconsin health care community in October 1998.
These documents are not meant to be strict guidelines to be imposed, but rather resources that present the best thinking and practice at a particular time and place.
Lawrence University and Wisconsin Health Decisions, "Guidelines for the Responsible Utilization of Intensive Care" (1998). Biomedical Ethics Publications and Presentations. Paper 1.